People who often drink wine must know wine labels and corks well, because we can know a lot about wine by reading labels and observing corks. But for wine bottles, many people who drink alcohol don’t pay much attention to them, but they don’t know that wine bottles also have many secrets.
1. The origin of wine bottles
Many people may be wondering why most wines are bottled in glass, and iron cans or plastic bottles are rarely used? Wine was first appeared in 6000 BC. At that time, neither the glass process nor the iron making process was developed, let alone plastic. At that time, most wines were mainly in ceramic jars. Around 3000 BC, glass products began to appear. At this time, some high-end wine glasses began to use glass. Compared with the original porcelain wine glasses, the glass wine glasses can give the wine a better taste. But the wine bottles are still stored in ceramic tanks. Because the level of glass production at that time was not high, the glass bottles made were very fragile, which was not convenient for the transportation and storage of wine. In the 17th century, an important invention appeared-the coal-burning furnace. This technology greatly increased the temperature when making glass, allowing people to make thicker glass. At the same time, the oak plug and glass that appeared at that time were added. The bottle successfully replaced the previous ceramic jar. To this day, glass bottles have not been replaced by iron cans or plastic bottles. One is due to historical and traditional factors; the other is because glass bottles are extremely stable and will not affect the quality of wine; and the third is glass and oak. The perfect fusion of Céneng provides the wine with the charm of ageing in the bottle.
2. the characteristics of wine bottles
As for the characteristics of wine bottles, most wine lovers can say: the red wine bottle is green, the white wine bottle is transparent, the capacity is 750 ml, and the bottom is grooved.
First ,look at the color of the wine bottle. As early as the 17th century, the color of wine bottles was green. This was limited by the bottle-making process at that time. Wine bottles contained many impurities, so the wine bottles appeared green. Later, it was discovered that dark green wine bottles helped protect the wine in the bottle from the influence of light and helped the wine age, so most wine bottles were made dark green. For white wine and rosé wine, they are generally packed in transparent wine bottles, hoping to show the color of white wine and rosé wine to consumers, which can give people a fresher feeling.
Secondly, the capacity of the wine bottle is composed of many factors. One of the reasons for this is still to start from the 17th century, when bottles were made by hand, relying on glass-blower to make them. Affected by the lung capacity of the bottle blower, the size of the wine bottle was between 600-800 ml at that time. The second reason is the birth of standard-sized oak barrels: At that time, the small oak barrels used for shipping were established as 225 liters. Therefore, in the 20th century, the European Union set the capacity of wine bottles at 750 ml. Such a small oak barrel was just enough. It can fill 300 bottles of wine and can hold 24 cases. Another reason is that some people think that 750ml can pour 15 glasses of 50ml wine, which is suitable for a family and a meal. Although most wine bottles are 750ml, wine bottles of various capacities have now appeared.
Finally, it is about the groove at the bottom of the bottle.This feature is often mythological by many people, who believe that the deeper the groove at the bottom, the higher the quality of the wine. In fact, the depth of the groove at the bottom is not necessarily related to the quality of the wine. Some wine bottles are designed with grooves to allow precipitation to concentrate on the sides of the wine bottle, so that it can be easily removed during decanting. With the improvement of modern wine making technology, wine dregs can be directly filtered out during the wine making process, so there is no need for grooves to remove sediment. In addition to this reason, the groove at the bottom can facilitate wine storage. If the center of the bottom of the wine bottle is protruding, it will be difficult to hold the wine bottle firmly. But with the improvement of modern bottle-making technology, this problem has also been solved, so the bottom groove of the wine bottle is not necessarily related to the quality. Many wineries still maintain the bottom groove more to maintain tradition.
3. different type of wine bottles
Careful wine lovers may find that Burgundy bottles are completely different from Bordeaux bottles. In fact, in addition to Burgundy bottles and Bordeaux bottles, there are many other types of wine bottles.
1). Bordeaux Bottle
The standard Bordeaux bottle has the same width up and down, with obvious shoulders, which can be used to remove sediment in the wine. This wine bottle looks serious and dignified, like a business elite. Bordeaux bottles are used in wines in many parts of the world.
2). Burgundy Bottle
The bottom is columnar, and the shoulder of the bottle is an elegant curve, like a slender lady.
3). Chateauneuf du Pape Bottle
Similar to the Burgundy bottle, slightly thinner and taller than the Burgundy bottle, the bottle is printed with “Chateauneuf du Pape”, the Pope’s hat and the double key of St. Peter. The bottle is like a devout Christian.
4). Champagne Bottle
It is also similar to the Burgundy bottle, but the top of the bottle is sealed with a crown cap for secondary fermentation in the bottle.
5). Provence Bottle
A Provence bottle is the most suitable for a beautiful girl with an “S” figure.
6). Alsace Bottle
The shoulder of the Alsace bottle is also an elegant curve, but it is more slender than the Burgundy bottle, like a tall girl. Except for Alsace, most wine bottles in Germany also use this style.
7). Chianti Bottle
The Chianti bottle was originally a big belly bottle, like a full-bodied man. But in recent years, Chianti has increasingly favored the use of Bordeaux bottles.